VERSÃO PORTUGUÊS

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN FREE AND CAPTIVE CONSUMERS +A -A

In regards to the power quality and the safety of its offer, there are no differences between free and captive consumers. Free consumers pay to the distribution companies for access and use of their networks, in amounts equivalent to those paid by captive consumers. The difference is in the purchase of power.


For the captive consumers, the Distributor is the compulsory supplier, with regulated fare, equal for a same class (A1, A2, A3 and A4). The price is the result of a mix of long-term contracts, with hiring of up to 103 % of load and transfer of risks of price differences between submarkets, the heat generation additional when sent out and the effect of exchange rate variations in Itaipu fares.
 
To the captive market, the down payment price is damped by the rate mix and off by up to one year, to the date of the adjustment or subsequent rate review, when an offsetting of accounts is performed between consumers and distributors. The captive consumer absorbs uncertainties and errors and successes of the centralized government planning and the distributor. Participates in the apportionment of the difference costs between programmed and performed generation (ESS) – i.e., it is exposed to risks and there is no way to manage them. As to the free consumer, power is freely negotiated. The consumer shall prove 100 % hiring, after measuring the amount consumed.
 
The value of its energy is a result of its individual purchase option, which may include contracts of different periods and greater or lesser exposure to short-term price. On the free market, the consumer is responsible for managing uncertainty and for their mistakes and successes in hiring decision. Thus, the free consumer takes for itself the task of managing its energy purchases and the associated risks. The decision to migrate to the free market is individual to each consumer.
 
Some factors should be taken into account in decision-making: the importance of energy for its production process, the value of energy when compared with the cost of its inputs and profitability of its business, in addition to specific factors such as compatibility of consumer profile with captive rates, consumption elasticity, ability to reduce or increase consumption, to implement efficiency projects, to consume another energetic, to shift production in time or space among others. In addition, it must meet the criteria provided by law to have the right to choose. In this context we recommend that consumers interested in migrating, seek expert help to properly assess their options - Abraceel members are able to provide this type of service.

Abraceel - Brazilian Energy Traders Association - Development ZONAElétrica